PBD Virtual Lab

This is the official site of the WUIVIEW Project, an Action funded by European Commission's Union Civil Protection Mechanism (Prevention Projects in Civil Protection) 2018 Call - ECHO (Agreement Nº ECHO/2018/826522).

WUIVIEW is presented by the Consortium led by the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC) with the participation of Association for the Development of Industrial Aerodynamics (ADAI - Portugal), Laboratory of Industrial Environment Engineering (ARMINES - France), Pau Costa Foundation (PCF - Spain), Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE - Sweden) and University of Bologna (UNIBO - Italy).

wuiviewlogo uelogo


The main aim of WUIVIEW project is to design, setup, test and operate a virtual workbench service for the performance‐based analysis of fire environments in the surroundings of buildings at the wildland‐urban interface.The WUIVIEW action will develop an innovative risk management tool that will help WUI communities adapting to face the new generation of forest fires that have already arisen due to climate change. Once implemented, WUIVIEW will become a powerful platform to perform essays and simulation studies dealing with structures survivability, sheltering assessment, building subsystems hazard testing and fire protection systems evaluation. The development of the system will improve knowledge base on microscale fuels fire hazards and on building systems and materials vulnerability, which will be of help to develop better policies and standards to prevent WUI disasters.

For futher information:

Elsa Pastor


PBD Virtual Lab

WUIVIEW Webinar Series


In line with the WUIVIEW dissemination program, we have scheduled a series of three webinars to present our results, and encourage discussion on WUI fire-fighting, fire prevention and fire analysis at property level. Details are as follows:

Webinar 1

Schedule: Wednesday November 18th, 16h CET

Title: New challenges for the protection and fire fighting in the WUI at the community and property level.

Speaker: Edgar Nebot (Fire Officer, deputy inspector, Catalan Fire and Rescue Service)

Abstract: A new reality is presenting fast-developing wildfires under extreme weather conditions that are challenging, and frequently overwhelming, fire fighting and civil protection forces. In this webinar, Edgar will review operations performed in recent wildfires, including complex scenarios for the protection of people, houses and infrastructure. Decision making in a complex reality will be discussed, particularly focusing on evacuation vs. shelter-in-place and preparation of people and properties.

Webinar 2

Schedule: Wednesday November 25th, 16h CET

Title: Concepts and methods for prevention planning at property level.

Speaker: : David Caballero (Forestry Engineer, project Manager, Pau Costa Foundation)

Abstract: David will provide a review of the factors and processes taking place in the gardens of properties and the extracted lessons learned from real fire events. The role of the vegetation surrounding the house in case of a forest fire and how this can affect the fire propagating inside a community will be also discussed. Finally, David will present the techniques developed under the WUIVIEW project for 3D modelling of WUI microscale scenarios using drones, photogrammetry and 3D edition for its simulation in FDS.

Webinar 3

Schedule: Wednesday December 2nd, 16h CET

Title: Fire behaviour and protection strategies of structures in the property.

Speaker: Pascale Vacca (Fire Safety Engineer, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya)

Abstract: The application of Performance-Based Design (PBD) and physical-based sophisticated simulation software will be presented as applied in some of the identified risk scenarios, including the expected effect of flames and smoke in the house environment. Pascale will give us some insights on how to identify and reinforce weak points in a structure, in particular the role of glazing and roofing.

Webinars can be followed live through the WUIVIEW YouTube channel, where the audience can participate at the Q&A writing their questions and comments:

Webinar channel: http://bit.ly/2UoRYTV

Don’t miss it! Everyone is invited!

WUIVIEW benefits again from cross-fertilization between EU WUI related projects


From its very beginning, WUIVIEW benefits from and promotes cross-fertilization initiatives with other EU research programs and efforts. In the WUIVIEW last phase, devoted to the development of study cases, our partners have joined efforts together with two important projects dealing with WUI fire impact mitigation. The “House Refuge” Portuguese National Project and the “WUIFI-21” Italian-US project funded by the Italian Ministry of foreign affairs.

As part of our demonstration exercises, WUIVIEW methods developed to analyse sheltering capabilities will be showcased using the Community Shelter designed at the “House Refuge” project. This is a shelter located in a rural area, in Figueiró dos Vinhos (Leiria District), with complex fuel distribution and topography. To simulate this scenario as realistically as possible, we are counting on the additional expertise of E. Gissi (Fire Chief of the Fire Brigade of Savona (Italy)) and O. Rios (fire engineer working at CERN) both researchers of the WUIFI-21 effort. The scenario will be used by Emmanuel and Oriol to improve FDS capabilities regarding GIS data export and OBST/GEOM intersections modelling.

We would like to acknowledge “House Refuge” and “WUIFI-21” teams for their cooperation and interest. Synergies created will very soon bear encouraging fruits!



In a few days, Europe officially begins the summer session, but the fire session has already started. From the WUIVIEW project we are fully aware of this, and we know that this is the right time to make sure that our communities are prepared in case of a Wildland-Urban Interface fire. Because of this, we have launched the awareness campaign #1day1firetip, using our social media to daily inform of the best strategies to mitigate fire risk. Are you a homeowner, a fire practitioner or a fire manager? Do you live in a Wildland-Urban Interface? Follow us in Facebook, Twitter or check this webpage to be updated!

By now, we have had a very good start, posting in The Conversation an overview of the tasks that we are performing during the WUIVIEW project, as well as stressing many items that we must to take care to achieve a safer WUI. This summer, #keepWUIVIEWing!.

Simulating hedgerows and ornamental vegetation


Last December we successfully completed the WUIVIEW burning campaign with natural fuels at LEIF – Lousa (Laboratório de Estudos sobre Incêndios Florestais, Portugal). Now that we have accurately measured what happens in reality, is time to make a step forward and calibrate the simulation tools that will let us anticipate the disaster.

Researchers from the WUIVIEW project are currently working on validating Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) capabilities to deal with hedgerows and ornamental vegetation fires. This work will allow end users and fire managers to explore fire percolation through residential fuels and its impact on structures.

WUIVIEW. Simulating hedgerows and ornamental vegetation

Non-natural fuel tests – Fuel pack combustion


One of the real-scale experimental tests on non-natural fuels performed by CERTEC and ARMINES consisted of the ignition of a fuel pack containing wooden pallets, foam mats, cardboard sheets and paint buckets. These are items that can be found in storage areas at the WUI homeowner scale, which, if ignited, could cause damage to surrounding structures.

Peak heat release rates of 2.5 MW were registered, and the fuel pack burned for over 1 hour!

WUIVIEW. Burning of the fuel pack for test 2

Burning experiments of non-natural fuels successfully completed


Real-scale experimental tests on non-natural fuels were performed by UPC and ARMINES during the second week of February. Four different fuel packages containing artificial fuels typically present at the WUI homeowner scale were ignited, and their burning behaviour was analysed. We collected data on heat release rates, mass loss rates, temperatures and heat fluxes. Maximum peaks of HRR up to 2.5 MW were registered during the experiments.

The following pictures show the test consisting of a typical garden furniture (plastic table with 6 chairs, cushions and a parasol).

Thanks ARMINES for making it happen!

WUIVIEW reinforces collaboration within other EU-funded initiatives: FIRElinks and GUARDIAN projects


The WUIVIEW Action is devoting a lot of effort on reinforcing collaboration within other EU-funded initiatives.

Our Action has recently enhanced this cooperation through the active participation of WUIVIEW members in two EU-funded initiatives: FIRElinks which is the EU network of scientists and practitioners involved in forest fire research and land management, and the GUARDIAN UIA project, an Urban Innovative Action developing a pioneering solution for increasing protection and resilience of WUI communities at the Túria Natural Park (Spain).

On December 10th-11th the meeting of the FIRElinks WP devoted to Fire behaviour took place at Haugesund (Norway). WUIVIEW coordinator Elsa Pastor (UPC), also co-leader of this FIRElinks WP, attended to this meeting together with WUIVIEW partners Johan Sjöström (RISE) and Frida Vermina (RISE), representatives of Scandinavia. In this meeting, research needs and cooperation efforts in terms of fire behaviour were discussed and the WUI fire behaviour problem was a hot topic of interest.

On December 17th a meeting of the GUARDIAN project partners together with WUIVIEW P.I. Elsa Pastor (UPC), which has been recently UIA-nominated expert of this Urban Innovative Action, was held in Riba-Roja del Túria. This was a multistakeholder meeting with an interesting exchange of visions and know-how followed by a field visit to the area where the GUARDIAN project will be implemented.

A permanent dialogue and active participation of WUIVIEW members in current EU research and innovation efforts is necessary for an efficient exchange of information and productive cooperation between key fire actors.

Thank you all for this effort!

Natural fuels fire tests are successfully done


The second and last experimental campaign on fire tests on natural fuels has been successfully completed!

Fire tests were undertaken during the second week of December by ADAI and UPC researchers at LEIF – Lousa (Laboratório de Estudos sobre Incêndios Florestais, Portugal).

Compared to the first campaign (undertaken on September) fuels had much less moisture, as they were leaved unwatered for about three months. Effects of different moisture content were clearly observed in fire behaviour as the proportion of live and dead fuels was substantially different from the first round of experiments.

The video shows a fire test in which three individuals of Cupressus arizonica were burnt. Flame residence time was of 15 seconds and flames were about 8 m height! With this experiments, we gathered more evidences of the large fire hazard associated to ornamental hedges!

WUIVIEW. Natural fuel fire test

Cross-project cooperation between WUIVIEW and Geo-Safe in Australia


The Geo-Safe consortium (webpage) gave us the unique opportunity to share WUIVEW methods and findings through a key note lecture at their final conference held at RMIT University (November 11-15) in Melbourne (Australia).

The conference aimed at bringing together researchers and bushfire experts from Australia and Europe to discuss about innovative solutions to support bushfire management. Topics included stochastic risk mapping, efficient methods for bushfire prevention and mitigation, models for initial attack and efficient evacuations, among others.

WUIVIEW coordinator Elsa Pastor was invited speaker and gave her lecture on the WUIVIEW approach for fire risk analysis at homeowner scale “Aftermath of WUI fires in Europe: Problem-oriented research for structures protection” that can be downloaded here.

The conference ended with a field trip to The Otways, an area severely affected by the Ash Wedenesday (1983) bushfires episode. Fire practitioners from FFMV (Forest Fire Management Victoria), Parks Victoria and CFA (Country Fire Authority, Victoria) briefed us on fuel management strategies at the WUI, self-protected and self-organized communities and evacuation planning in the area.

We took benefit from our stay in Melbourne to catch up with WUIVIEW external advisor Justin Leonard and his team at CSIRO – Clayton. Thanks Raphi for organizing this interesting research exchange!

The trip ended at ACT (Canberra) with visits at CSIRO – Black Mountain Bushfire Behaviour and Risks and ANU College of Science, with the aim of reinforcing existing research links between our leading institution (UPC) and fire researchers based downunder.

Unfortunately, our trip coincided with an unprecedented fire season early start and record-breaking temperatures in Australia, with catastrophic fire danger involving many bushfires across the country.

WUVIEW field mission to Sweden


Climate change is dramatically worsening the WUI fire problem throughout Europe by exacerbating highly intense wildfires in Mediterranean countries and by causing emergent WUI-fire prone zones in northern latitudes not adapted to wildfires. Sweden is one of the countries where this is becoming particularly true. During the last decades, few years stand out as predominantly severe concerning forest fires in Sweden. However, 2014 and 2018 fire seasons have shown different behaviour with the large Västmanland fire (2014), burning close to 13 000 ha, most of it in only a few hours, and the multiple fire events of the Ljusdal complex (2018) which collectively burnt over 25000 ha.

As part of our demonstration activities, a field mission to Sweden was undertaken last October (14-17) to understand the Swedish WUI reality, to analyse causes and consequences of fire impact at the WUI and to select study sites for showcase WUIVIEW risk analysis methods.

We visited the region where the Ljusdal fires (2018) took place and we could notice how the wildland-urban interface is an intrinsic part of the Swedish landscape. During these fires, around 30 buildings were destroyed. Most homes were ignited by low intensity fires continuously burning up to the façade made of combustible materials and not as much by burning embers finding their way into the building through windows of other cavities. Thus, direct flame impingement seemed to be a common mechanism for ignition.

After our field trip, we came back to Stockholm to catch up with Swedish stakeholders (Swedish civil contingency agency, MSB) and fire researchers from RISE and SLU (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences). MSB kindly organized and held a workshop at their premises. Our discussions were focussed in four main areas: fire behaviour in boreal ecosystems (e.g. pine, spruce and mixed conifer forests, deciduous forests, forests on wetlands, etc.); operational strategy and firefighting resources; ignition mechanisms and pattern scenarios at the WUI, and finally yet importantly, risk management and perception differences between Northern and Southern European countries.

Four very intense days that were extremely useful to guarantee WUVIEW Lab service coverage in Northern latitudes, also vulnerable to wildfires these days.

Special thanks to Frida, Johan, Anders and Leif for your kind hospitality!

WUVIEW investigates the aftermath of Gran Canaria 2019 WUI fire


Past September 30th, David Caballero (Pau Costa Foundation) completed a multi-day fieldtrip to Gran Canaria Island for a detailed survey of the affected communities and performance of structure loss assessment in the large fire of Valleseco (10/08/2019).

The province government (Cabildo de Gran Canaria) provided assistance and generously participated in the scouting of remote neighbourhoods over the 8,000 hectares burnt, including a helicopter flight over the island. More than two thousand pictures were acquired and several testimonies of survivors and home owners recorded. Several lessons observed and particular scenarios will be transferred to WUIVIEW project for models validation. The results will be shared for discussion with firefighters and technical staff of the regional fire service.

WUVIEW project present in national and international Forums


Autumn is usually a season full of workshops and dissemination activities for all types of audiences devoted to analyse the aftermath of the wildfire season. The WUIVIEW project, its methods, objectives and expected outcomes, has been recently present in three initiatives (international and local):

David Caballero (Pau Costa Foundation) presented WUIVIEW project within the framework of the 10th International Conference on Fire Safety Engineering (APICI) past 25-27 of September 2019, in Madrid, Spain, as part of the innovation agenda for the protection of communities against wildfires in Europe. The audience included representatives of fire safety engineering companies, fire protection bodies, research institutions, universities and administration. More details: link.

Elsa Pastor (UPC) participated at the Workshop organized by the Triple-C consortium ("Capitalizing climate change projects in risk management for a better Atlantic Area resilience"), that was held in Coimbra, on October 2nd. The workshop, organized by ADAI, gathered P.I. from different European projects devoted to natural risks resilience. Climate changes adaptation challenges and strategies were highlighted and discussed. more information on the Triple-C project can be found at this link.

During that same day (2nd/10), David also participated on a dedicated workshop on wildland-urban interface and the new challenges of protection against forest fires, that took place in Ibiza Island (Balearic Island Region), Spain. The meeting gathered representatives of the regional government (GOIB), forest fire prevention, fire fighters, emergency and civil protection bodies, representatives of the five municipalities and several communities amongst others. A very prolific interaction took place in which several messages were set out in regard to the importance of micro-scale preparation and maintenance to create fire-adapted environments, and the role of gardeners and homeowners in achieving such goals. Some of the approaches, methods and results used in WUIVIEW project were duly presented.

First campaign of WUIVIEW fire tests successfully completed


Researchers from UPC and ADAI have been intensively working this week at LEIF – Lousa (Laboratório de Estudos sobre Incêndios Florestais, Portugal) performing the first campaign of WUIVIEW laboratory fire tests with ornamental vegetation.

Burnings of 4 different species (Cupressus arizonica, Cupressocyparis leylandii, Prunus laurocerasus, Thuja occidentalis) typically used for green hedges have been monitored to gather data on temperatures, heat fluxes, flame geometry and mass loss rate.

During the tests, WUIVIEW objectives and methods have been explained to Portuguese fire-fighters (Escola Nacional de Bombeiros) and synergies explored with ongoing local projects ( Fire Protect project).

Thanks ADAI team for your warm welcome and for hosting this activity!

WUIVIEW project gets support of Barcelona City Council!


After some weeks of conversation, the support from the Barcelona City Council to the WUIVIEW project has finally been materialised!

We have received a highly valuable help in kind from BCN Green Spaces and Biodiversity Office (GSBO), in particular for WUIVIEW - WP2 purposes.

The main aim of WP2 is to characterize residential vegetation in terms of combustibility, particularly focussing on green hedges of very flammable species (e.g. Cupressus arizonica), and all this work necessarily has to start with….intensive fuel sampling!

BCN City Council has offered us the unique opportunity to sample 50 years old Cupressus arizonica hedges at Parc Cervantes. The fuel has critical characteristics worth to study: inner dead material intensively packed surrounded by only 2 cm thin green layer!
Thanks to GSBO people for your support and to UPC team for doing all the field work!



Prof. Albert Simeoni (professor and Interim Department Head of the Fire Protection Department at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, WPI - USA) was visiting last week CERTEC - UPC to catch up on projects and activities.

We had the opportunity to explain him the main aim and objectives of the WUIVIEW project and explore synergies between our institutions.

Prof. Simeoni has a valuable background as a Corsican volunteer fire-fighter and former professor at University Pascale Paoli (Corsica) and his wealth of knowledge on Mediterranean WUI fires is really impressive, both at operational and research level.

We appreciated his comments and suggestions very much and hopefully we will be joining efforts very soon!
Ti vedu prestu, cari amicu!

Disseminating WUIVIEW within the scientific community


Despite WUIVIEW being in its initial stage (we were officially born in February 1st!), we have already had the opportunity to spread our methods and approaches to the scientific community during this last couple of weeks.

Dr. Giordano Scarponi (University of Bolonia) has presented the WUIVIEW methodology for risk analysis of LPG tanks at the WUI home-owner scale at the 3rd SFPE Europe Conference on Fire Safety Engineering held in Málaga, Spain, 22-23 May 2019.

UPC Alumni Dr. Oriol Rios has participated at the WUIFI-21 project Workshop held in Genova, Italy, May 27th. Oriol has explained our idea of using PBD based on FDS simulations applied to WUI home-owner scale.

Thanks both for spreading our methods and findings to this vibrant fire engineering international community!

Meeting of April 24-25th


On April 24th UPC, PCF and Justin Leonard (CSIRO) held a meeting in the UPC facilities to pool experiences about the Wildland-Urban Interface within the framework of the WUIVIEW project.

That meeting was completed on April 25th with a study tour together with the Catalan Fire Extinction and Rescue Service and a delegation of COOPEREM project visiting problematic WUI points in Catalunya, as those involved in the Vallirana Fire (2013).

We are hiring!


We are hiring a FDS modeller for WUIVIEW fire safety analysis. University Degree in Fire Protection, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Architecture, Physics or other related technology discipline. Master’s Degree within the field of fire engineering and PhD will be acknowledged.

The successful candidate will be responsible of analysing building systems survivability exposed to a WUI fire environment using FDS software. Main tasks will be designing, setting and analysing fire impact on building systems from burning residential fuels. Fire safety will be assessed following a performance-based approach. Guidelines, performance criteria and scenarios should be defined within the WUIVIEW working program.

More information here:

Seeking synergies between WUIVIEW and COOPEREM projects on Civil Protection


On February 27th a delegation of COOPEREM coordination entities (Girona Council and General Directorate of Prevention, Fire extinction and Rescue) visited UPC to explore synergies with the WUIVIEW project.

COOPEREM (@PoctefaCOOPEREM) is a European project financed by Spain-France-Andorra POCTEFA 2014-2020 inter-regional programme. It aims at developing a shared policy in terms of prevention and management of fire risks in the cross-border area, formed by several municipalities with wildland-urban-interface. This policy will help to improve the anticipation of risks and respond to disasters thanks to collaboration with territorial actors on designing a cross-border strategic plan.

COOPEREM end-users will for sure benefit from WUIVIEW Action results uptake. For this reason, coordinators from both projects established a common road map for aligning objectives and methods to enhance the effectiveness of both efforts.

WUIVIEW kick-Off Meeting


Last 11th and 12th of February we celebrated the kick-off meeting of the WUIVIEW in Barcelona, with the participation of all the partners: ADAI, ARMINES, PCF, RISE, UNIBO and UPC.
Ahead of us, 2 exciting years to design, setup, test and operate a virtual workbench service for a securer wildland-urban interface with scientific and educational purposes. The WUIVIEW outputs and outcomes will finally lead to a higher degree of awareness between fire practitioners and more preparated residents. The project is underway!


PBD Virtual Lab


General Objective

The main aim of WUIVIEW project is to design, setup, test and operate a virtual workbench service for the performance-based analysis of fire environments in the surroundings of buildings at the wildland-urban interface. In line with the objectives of the Union’s Civil Protection Mechanism and the present Call for proposals, the WUIVIEW action will develop and innovative risk management tool that will help WUI communities adapting to face the new generation of forest fires that have already arisen due to climate change. Once implemented, WUIVIEW will become a powerful platform to perform essays and simulation studies dealing with structures survivability, sheltering assessment, building subsystems hazard testing and fire protection systems evaluation. The development of the system will improve knowledge base on microscale fuels fire hazards and on building systems and materials vulnerability, which will be of help to develop better policies and standards to prevent WUI disasters.

WUIVIEW service will cover important needs of current European WUI fire-prone areas (Mediterranean) and of emerging new WUI-fire realities (Northern countries), which are expected to increase in the coming years. In one hand, human pressure in the landscape is continuously growing in Europe and wildfire potential is also increasing associated with housing developments and climate change, leading to new WUI-fire prone regions. On the other hand, innovative design solutions and new materials (e.g. biobased) are certainly appearing from the building and construction sector all over Europe. WUIVIEW will definitely serve as a workbench service to test and develop more resilient emerging WUI-fire scenarios.

The project is also educational oriented. The WUIVIEW outputs and outcomes will finally lead to a higher degree of awareness between fire practitioners and more educated residents at the wildland-urban interface.


PBD Virtual Lab


Expected results

Result 1

The WUIVIEW project will improve knowledge base on WUI microscale fire risk management. Fire agencies, home-owners, fire practitioners, regulatory bodies and researchers will benefit from this result. Target-specific material will be generated within the framework of the Action: educational leaflets (WUI communities), guidelines for microscale management (home-owners and fire agencies), PBD good practicing (fire practitioners), scientific-based recommendations for policy improvement (regulatory bodies), and research articles (scientific community) will be available at the WUIVIEW portal.

Result 2 and 3

The WUIVIEW project will improve awareness on WUI microscale fire risk management problem Target activities of different nature (workshops, webinars, conferences, posts in social networks) will help disseminating the needs addressed and the solutions provided by this Action. Furthermore, these activities will help strengthening the links between relevant WUI-fire risk actors The WUIVIEW project has been conceived with a clear RRI (Responsible Research and Innovation) approach and will certainly represent a platform by which coordination and cooperation between home-owners, fire practioners, fire agencies and regulatory bodies will be promoted and motivated.

Result 4

The WUIVIEW system will provide fire practitioners with new capabilities for fire risk managing engineering, research, and fire safety building design. Professionals will have available a new tool for fire risk analysis, based on an open-source code, so that they will have free access to the modelling library and database to undertake performance-based simulations. Fire engineers and architects will have advanced technology available to develop new skills to face emerging WUI fire safety problems. This may ultimately lead to develop new career and growth opportunities within the framework of fire DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction) services.


These results are clearly in line with the Prevention Call Priority objectives of achieving a higher level of resilience against disasters, particularly those exacerbated by climate change. The WUIVIEW Action will definitely foster a culture of WUI fire disasters prevention: WUIVIEW will improve knowledge and awareness, will provide and promote risk assessment strategies and will drive engagement of different societal actors. It is with more aware, educated and capable WU-fire actors that a higher level of protection will be achieved.


PBD Virtual Lab



The work planned is programmed in three main phases (Figure 1). To set up the WUIVIEW simulation framework (Phase 1), we will characterize fire hazard of ornamental vegetation (WP2) and non-vegetal WUI fuels and LPG infrastructures (WP3). A detailed survey on fire protection systems and thermal properties of building materials together with a review on building codes and regulations will also be undertaken (WP4).

In the analysis (phase 2) we will get insights on the response to fire of typical building systems and materials relying on PBD methodology. Based on a predefined inventory of pattern scenarios (WP5) and using previously gathered fire hazard and building characteristics, we will run WUI fire simulations to analyse homes survivability and sheltering capacity (WP6) under different conditions.

WUIVIEW has originally been conceived to become a consultancy service to assess WUI vulnerability in real scenarios after the Action’s lifetime. The technical feasibility of the service will be demonstrated in the final phase of the project (Phase 3). WP7 will make use of the WUIVIEW workbench to assess WUI fire hazards and house fire performance of preselected (WP5) real WUI developments. The whole project will be continuously coordinated and managed through WP1. Similarly, the outputs will be disseminated during the entire duration of the project (WP8).


PBD Virtual Lab


Tehcnical WPs

WP1: Management and coordination of the action

Set up and actions for management structure. Monitoring. Financial control. Quality control and backstopping. Project closure and final evaluation.

WP2: WUI Natural fuels hazard characterization

The main objective of this WP is to obtain quantitative information on real-scale fire hazard of the natural fuels typically present at the Wildland-Urban Interface. In this WP, real-scale experiments will be performed testing ornamental vegetation whose burning behaviour have not been ever quantified. In parallel, a literature survey on experimental studies involving natural fuels at the WUI, with some similarity to the ones performed in here, will be undertaken. Finally, a data base containing burning characteristics ready for simulation purposes will be set, gathering information on mass loss rate, heat release rate, flame temperatures and flame geometry.

WP3: Artificial fuels hazard characterization

The main objective of this WP is to obtain quantitative information on real-scale fire hazard of the artificial fuels and critical infrastructure typically present at the Wildland-Urban Interface. Existing information of artificial fuels commonly present at the WUI microscale will be gathered: combustible stored material, fences, household appliances, etc. Special focus on LPG (Liquified Petroleum Gas) will be included. Experiments to complement collected information will be performed

WP4: WUI Building and protective materials characterisation

There are two main objectives of WP2: i) to obtain quantitative information on thermal properties and fire protection characteristics of building materials and systems typically used at the Wildland-Urban Interface; ii) to review the state of the art in terms of building codes and regulations (following both prescriptive and performance-based approaches) specifically focused on WUI microscale.

WP5: Scenarios Design

In this WP we will set-up an inventory of pattern scenarios, based on previous WUIWATCH project lessons learned, to be tested in WP6 in terms of survivability and sheltering performance. We will also prepare and design scenarios for the demonstration phase (WP7). In particular, we will implement techniques of 3D object modelling to capture and transfer the information of real world cases into virtual 3D scenarios.

WP6: Testing on structure survivability and sheltering capacity

The objective of WP6 is to analyse building systems survivability and sheltering capacity following a performance-based-design (PBD) approach. Selected scenarios including 1) vulnerable building systems and 2) natural and/or artificial burning fuels will be modelled according to WP2, WP3 and WP4 findings. Fire impact will be assessed following the guidelines and performance criteria established in WP4, by means of CFD simulations (FDS and Pyrosim). Sensitivity of key variables will be studied and prevention/protection measures will be proposed.

WP7: Development of study cases (demonstration)

The objective of this WP is to showcase the methods and findings of the WUIVIEW virtual laboratory by analysing real WUI settlements. The degree of survivability and defensibility of a selected number of houses and structures will be analysed using a PBD approach. According to the outcomes of the simulations and the findings of previous WPs, a number of prevention and protection measures will be suggested to be presented to both firefighters and homeowners.

WP8: Dissemination and exploitation

Mass-media and social networks taskforce. Edition and publication of educational material. Workshop I on fire hazard at WUI microscale. Workshop II on PBD applied to WUI microscale scenarios. Interaction with specific community. Business case description of WUIVIEW.


PBD Virtual Lab

The Consortium

A multi-disciplinary, highly qualified consortium has been assembled with frontline research entities, a private firm with long experience in risk management at the WUI, and an industrial partner representing fire protection companies. Thanks to our diverse backgrounds and previous collaborations, we complement and know each other very well.

upclogo Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya UPC SPAIN Coordinator
adai Association for the Development of Industrial Aerodynamics ADAI Portugal Beneficiary
armines Laboratory of Industrial Environment Engineering ARMINES France Beneficiary
pcf Pau Costa Foundation PCF SPAIN Beneficiary
rise Research Institutes of Sweden RISE Sweden Beneficiary
unibo Università di Bologna UNIBO Italy Beneficiary


PBD Virtual Lab


Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC)

Barcelona, Spain

Center for Technological Risk Studies (CERTEC)

UPC, hosts the CERTEC, which is a research organization with large experience on technological, environmental and natural risks. This mainstreaming grants it unique characteristics to deal with fire hazard characterization, vulnerability analysis and civil protection challenges. CERTEC has engineering background and experience in all types of fire incidents. CERTEC has large computational resources.

UPC will coordinate this Action and will participate in several activities related to fire hazard and building systems characterization to ensure link with subsequent WPs. UPC will coordinate all virtual essays and simulations and will participate in dissemination, particularly coordinating Workshop II on PBD applied to WUI and interacting with scientific community.



PBD Virtual Lab



Coimbra, Portugal


The Forest Fire Research Center (CEIF) of ADAI, a non-profit Portuguese institution associated to the University of Coimbra, has a worldwide recognized expertise of 30 years of research in forest/WUI fires and hosts the largest laboratory for forest fire experimentation in Europe (LEIF). ADAI members have a wide experience on international research projects.

ADAI will coordinate natural fuels hazard characterization and experiments. ADAI will participate in 3D modelling testing, will bring its expertise on analysing case studies and will coordinate dissemination activities (noteworthy Workshop I on fire hazard at the WUI) and interact with the scientific community.



PBD Virtual Lab


Laboratory of Industrial Environment Engineering (ARMINES)

Alès, France

Represented by the Mines d'Alès

ARMINES, represented by Mines d’Alès, hosts the French “Laboratory of Industrial Environment Engineering” which is a European point of reference of natural-technological risk interactions. They have experimental facilities and proven experience to study burning dynamics of non-natural fuels. They have large computational resources.

ARMINES will coordinate activities devoted to artificial fuels hazard characterization focusing on infrastructures of energy supply and will participate in CFD simulation activities. Moreover, ARMINES will be strongly engaged on the organization of Workshop I and will contribute on the dissemination among the scientific community.



PBD Virtual Lab


Pau Costa Foundation (PAU)

Barcelona, Spain

Pau Costa Foundation

PCF, is non-profit organization who acts as an international platform devoted to forest fire and fire ecology management, training and dissemination. PCF has a large experience in international projects and cooperation activities. PCF has strong bonds with the fire-fighting community and agencies worldwide.

PCF will bring lessons learnt from WUIWATCH in several tasks related to fire hazard characterization. PCF will lead the scenarios design activities, involving the inventory of scenarios and 3D modelling. PCF will also be in charge of demonstration workload and networks task force.



PBD Virtual Lab


Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE)

Borås, Sweden

RISE, is a Swedish technical research institution with a broad focus on infrastructure as well as the built and natural environment. RISE has performed many studies on boreal forests fuels characterization, risk assessment and fire behaviour as well as characterisation of fire spread from vegetation to buildings.

RISE will undertake large-fire experiments contributing to boreal fuels characterization. RISE will define Northern WUI-fire emergent pattern scenarios and will coordinate a study case to be performed in Sweden.



PBD Virtual Lab


Università de Bologna (UNIBO)

Bologna, Italy

UNIBO is an Italian academic institution with specific competence on safety and risk assessment. UNIBO has a worldwide recognized experience in Natech risk assessment, and has a long practice in providing technical support to Italian National and Regional Civil Protection authorities.

UNIBO will coordinate activities related to building and protective materials characterization. UNIBO will also participate in LPG infrastructure risk analysis activities and sheltering modelling.



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Endusers Stakeholders

WUIVIEW has been conceived to become a consultancy service to assess WUI vulnerability in real scenarios after the Action’s lifetime. We envisage the WUIVIEW workbench operation helping residents and fire risk managers to analyse fire risk in WUI communities, assisting engineers and architects in their designs and providing scientifically-based information to fire services and regulatory bodies. WUVIEW stakeholders already enganged are:

bombers Catalan Fire and Rescue Service BOMBERS GENERALITAT DE CATALUNYA SPAIN
clusic The Catalan Fire Safety Cluster CLUSIC SPAIN
tecnifuego Tecnifuego TECNIFUEGO SPAIN
corpo National fire Corps Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco Italy
msb Swedish Civil Contingency Agency MSB – Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, Sverige Sweden
agenzia Civil Protection of Emilia-Romagna region Agenzia Regionale per la Sicurezza Territoriale e la Protezione Civile Emilia-Romagna Italy
fomento Ministry of Infrastructures, Directorate General for Architecture, Housing and Land Ministerio de Fomento – Subdirección general de arquitectura y edificación Spain
autoridadeNational Emergency and Civil Protection Authority Autoridade Nacional de Protecçao Civil Portugal
icnf Nature Conservation Institute and Forestry Instituto da Conservaçao da Natureza e das Florestas Portugal


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The Generalitat fire-fighter service

Catalunya, Spain

The Generalitat fire-fighter service

The Generalitat fire-fighter service, with personnel of over 5,000, carries out prevention and extinction of fires and rescue tasks assigned to the Government of Catalonia and coordinates its services all over the territory except in the city of Barcelona, which has its own fire-fighter service. Generalitat fire-fighters intervene in all kinds of emergencies: fires in homes, in industries, vegetation, landslides, rescue services in different mountain contexts, water, homes, railway infrastructures, rescuing people from traffic accidents, floods, etc. At the same time, they work on prevention, both to minimise the risk of accidents and to be better prepared in the case of these happening.



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The Catalan Fire Safety Cluster (CLUSIC)

Barcelona, Spain

The Catalan Fire Safety Cluster (CLUSIC)

The Catalan Fire Safety Cluster (CLUSIC), is an organisation created by a group of companies in order to cooperate and increase their competitiveness through internationalization, their knowledge of the market, the development of joint projects and the implementation of broad-ranging strategies. The CLUSIC, unlike other associations in the same field, seeks to establish a common ground for the concerns and needs of all those agents involved in the value chain, including technology and product suppliers, and service protection providers, in both passive and active protection fields.



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Madrid, Spain


TECNIFUEGO is an association of Spanish industrial companies on fire safety, providing services, products and devices for fire protection. Tecnifuego hosts the Technical Secretariat of AENOR CTN23 on Fire Safety.



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National fire Corps


Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco

The Department of firefighters, public rescue and civil defense is composed by eight central directorates, eighteen regional offices and one hundred provincial commands, with around eight hundred stations throughout the country. National Fire Corps is part of the Department that depends on the Ministry of the Interiors. It operates all over Italy, except Valle d'Aosta region, Bolzano and Trento provinces, with around 35.000 professional and volunteer units.

According to the national law, the National Fire Corps is the key part of the civil protection system. The Corps also carries out rescue services abroad, within the framework of international agreements on people rescue in case of emergencies.



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Swedish Civil Contingency Agency


MSB – Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap

The MSB is responsible for issues concerning civil protection, public safety, emergency management and civil defence in Sweden. MSB works via knowledge enhancement, support, training, exercises, regulation, etc. in close cooperation with the municipalities, county councils, the private sector and various organisations to achieve greater security and safety at all levels of society.



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Civil Protection of Emilia-Romagna region


Regional Agency for Territorial Security and Civil Protection Emilia-Romagna

The Agency coordinates interventions at regional level to deal with emergencies and to allow for a return to normal living conditions. It adopts and coordinates urgent interventions and action plans for securing the territory and reducing risk; it prepares the regional plan for emergency preparation and management and the regional forecasting and prevention programs. It issues alerts when possible weather events could cause risky situations for citizens and the territory.



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Ministry of Infrastructures, Directorate General for Architecture, Housing and Land


Ministerio de Fomento – Subdirección general de arquitectura y edificación

Ministry of Infrastructures, Directorate General for Architecture, Housing and Land that aims to i) strategically develop, review and update the technical regulations of the state scope of application in the building; ii) Contribute to the recovery of the architectural heritage; iii) disseminate, as a priority in international environment, excellence in architecture produced in Spain.



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Civil Protection Authority


National Emergency and Civil Protection Authority

ANEPC is the national authority in matters of emergency and civil protection, being a central service, directly administered by the State, endowed with administrative and financial autonomy and its own assets. ANEPC's mission is to plan, coordinate and execute emergency and civil protection policies, namely in the prevention and response to major accidents and catastrophes, for the protection and assistance of populations, coordination of civil protection agents, under the terms legally provided for, and ensure the planning and coordination of national needs in the area of emergency civil planning, with a view to coping with crisis or war situations.



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Institute for Nature Conservation and Forests


Instituto da Conservaçao da Natureza e das Florestas

ICNF is a public institute integrated in the indirect administration of the State, endowed with administrative, financial autonomy and its own assets. Its mission is to propose, monitor and ensure the implementation of nature and forest conservation policies, aiming at conservation, sustainable use, enhancement, enjoyment and public recognition of the natural heritage.



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WUIVIEW FINAL WORKSHOP On Fire Hazards at the Wildland-Urban Interface microscale


Wildfire self-protection in the WUI at home-owner level. 15th of January, 2021

Friday, January 15th, 2021, will take place the final workshop of the WUIVIEW project (Wildland-Urban Interface Virtual Essays Workbench). The first workshop, held in Coimbra in January 2020, had over 400 participants, demonstrating the interest in this topic. This time the event will be online, also with open access, but subject to registration. This Workshop, entitled “Self-protection against fires at the Urban-Forest Interface, at the owner level”, will focus on the systems and methods developed within the project to enhance self-protection at home-owner level. We will firstly analyze typical vulnerabilities identified in WUI properties, both concerning residential fuels and structures. Following we will present the WUIVIEW strategy to increase self-protection and risk awareness in WUI communities and the WUIVIEW novel engineering framework to get an in-depth understanding of fire impact in dwellings and other exposed infrastructures.

The workshop will be held virtually through the WUIVIEW zoom platform, and is especially suitable for Firefighters working at the WUI, Civil Protection Agencies and Services, Builders, Architects, Civil Engineers, Researchers or even people living in WUI areas that have an interest in this topic. This workshop will be trilingual, with simultaneous translation between English and Portuguese / Spanish.

Find more information at the registration page: clik here.

WORKSHOP On Fire Hazards at the Wildland-Urban Interface microscale


COIMBRA (Portugal). 17th-18th of January, 2020

Organized in the frame of the EU ECHO project WUIVIEW, this workshop will focus on aspects related to wildfires on microscale scenarios of wildland urban interface (WUI). We will analyze recent cases of fires in the WUI in different European countries, as well as aspects related to the hazard posed by natural and artificial fuels commonly found near structures. Check the program here.

The workshop will be held in Coimbra (Portugal) at the Main Auditorium of the Faculty of Science and Technology of the University of Coimbra (Pole II). All types of WUI fire actors (fire and civil protection agencies, fire practitioners, researchers) will be welcome. This workshop will be bilingual, with simultaneous translation between english and portuguese, and vice-versa.

All types of WUI fire actors (fire and civil protection agencies, fire practitioners, researchers) will be welcome. This workshop will be bilingual, with simultaneous translation between english and portuguese, and vice-versa.

For more information clik here.


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General dissemination:

General dissemination Date
Summary of the action 01/02/2019
WUIVIEW presentation 28/01/2019
GEo-Safe WS presentation 15/11/2019
WUIVIEW leaflet 15/01/2020


WPS Title Date
WP2 WUI Natural fuels hazard characterization (PCF, RISE, UPC) D2.1 Reeal scale experiments

D2.2 Database on natural fuels burning characteristics

WP3 Artificial fuels hazard characterization (ARMINES) D3.1 Report on LPG infrastructure impact at the WUI microscale

D3.2 Database on non-natural fuels burning characteristics

WP4 WUI Building and protective materials characterisation (UNIBO) D4.1 WUI state of the art and regulatory needs in Europe

D4.2 PBD WUI-specific guidelines initial draft

D4.3 Database on thermal properties of building materials and systems


WP5 Scenarios Design (PCF) D5.1 Inventory of pattern scenarios

D5.2 Procedure for WUI scenarios 3D modelling

WP6 Testing on structure survivability and sheltering capacity (UPC) D6.1 Recommendations on structure survivability and sheltering capacity

D6.2. Set of FDS codes of baseline vulnerability and sheltering experiments

WP7 Demostration D7.1. PBD WUI-specific final guideline

D7.2. Report on study cases

D7.3. Set of FDS codes of real microscale examples simulationse


WP8 Dissemination and exploitation (ADAI) D8.1 Proceedings and conclusions of Workshop I

D8.2. Proceedings and conclusions of Workshop II

D8.3. Business case document

D8.4. Set of leaflets in different languages for educational purposes

D8.5. Set of dissemination and scientific articles





Technical Notes:


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Video repository:

WUIVIEW first half: refreshment of activities

General overview on WUI fires (E. Planas)


WUI fires in Europe – Portugal (L.M. Ribeiro)

WUI fires Europe

WUI fires in Europe – Sweden (J. Sjöström)

WUI fires Europe

The WUIVIEW approach (E. Pastor)

Non-Natural fuels

Hazard associated to natural fuels (M. Almeida)

HAzard natural fuels

Hazard associated to non- natural fuels (P. Vacca)

Ornamental vegetation

Hazard associated to domestic LPG tanks (G. Scarponi)

Ornamental vegetation

WUIVIEW presentations

Wildland Urban Interface Fires: Fire impact assessment using CFD tools



WUIVIEW: Testing Thuja occidentalis at LAI facilities (University of Coimbra)


WUIVIEW: Testing three trees of Cupressus arizonica burning at LAI facilities (University of Coimbra)

Natural fuels

Non-natural fuel tests – Fuel pack combustion

Non-Natural fuels

WUIVIEW. Simulating hedgerows and ornamental vegetation

Ornamental vegetation


WUIVIEW 3D scenarios modelling

3D modelling

Entrepinos case study: high consequences - low frequency scenario. Incident heat flux onto surfaces

Entrepinos case study

Los Barrancos case study: high consequences - low frequency scenario. Gas temperature

Los Barrancos case study


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WUIVIEW on the media:

Media News Date
OSBO digit@l En España puede suceder una desgracia como la de Mati o Paradise 22/09/2020
Revista Retina. El Pais Medioambiente. Drones, robots y ‘big data’: tecnología punta contra los incendios forestales 09/08/2020
The Conversation Vivir junto al fuego: ¿Estamos protegidos frente a los incendios forestales? 17/06/2020
Dirección General de Protección y Emergencias Jornada sobre el programa anual de trabajo 2019 de la UE para protección civil 07/02/2020
Diario de Coimbra (Portugal) Cientistas têm de adaptarinvestigação aos novos riscos de incêndio 19/01/2020
Diario de Aveiro (Portugal) Cientistas têm de adaptar investigação aos novos riscos de incêndio 19/01/2020
Saudemais TV (Portugal) Cientistas adaptam investigação aos novos riscos dos incêndios 17/01/2020
Osbo Digital (Spain) La gestión forestal es clave en la extinción de incendios 31/10/2019
Servicios de emergencia II Jornada técnica lucha contra Incendios Forestales, organizada por Tecnifuego (Spain) 12/09/2019
Cuadernos de Seguridad (Spain) II Jornada técnica lucha contra Incendios Forestales 03/09/2019


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Scientific papers:

Ricci, F., Scarponi, G.E., Pastor, E., Planas, E., Cozzani, V. Safety distances for storage tanks to prevent fire damage in Wildland-Industrial Interface. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 147, 693-702. 2021;

Scarponi, G.E., Vacca, P., Pastor, E., Planas, E., Cozzani, V. Fire Hazards at the Wildland Urban Interface: a Perspective From the WUIVIEW Project CISAP9. A Journal of the Italian Association of Chemical Engineering (AIDIC), 82, 19-24. 2020;

Ribeiro, L.M; Rodrigues, A.; Lucas, D;. Viegas, D. The Impact on Structures of the Pedrógão Grande Fire Complex in June 2017. Fire 2020, 3(4), 57. 2020;

Vacca, P.; Caballero, D.; Pastor, E;. Planas, E. WUI fire risk mitigation in Europe: A performance-based design approach at home-owner level. Journal of Safety Sciences and Resilence, Vol. 2, Issue 2, 97-105 2020;

Scarponi, G.; Pastor, E;. Planas, E.; Cozzani, V. Analysis of the impact of wildland-urban-interface fires on LPG domestic tanks. Safety Sciences,Vol. 124. 2020;

Pastor, E.; Àgueda, A.; Sebastià, J.; Mata, C.; Valero, MM.; Planas, E. Performance analysis of a self‐protection system for vehicles in case of WUI fire entrapment. Fire and Materials, 1-12. 2020;

Pastor, E.; Muñoz, J.; Caballero, D.; Àgueda, Alba; Dalmau, F.; Planas, E. Wildland–urban interface fires in spain: summary of the policy framework and recommendations for improvement. Fire Technol 56, 1831–1851. 2019;

Ribeiro, C.; Viegas, X.; Almeida, M.; Ribeiro, L.; Rodrigues, A; Raposo, J; Alves, D. Forest Fuel Management in Wildland Urban Interface Areas. SINIF-Incendios Forestales, 2, 103–113. 2019;
Ribeiro et al.2019.pdf

Contact WUIVIEW |

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WUIVIEW project coordinator


Elsa Pastor


+34 93 401 10 90

Center for Technological Risk Studies (CERTEC) - Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC)

Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain